Early Help

Local authorities under section 10 of the Children Act 2004 have a responsibility to promote inter-agency cooperation to improve the welfare of children.

1. Overview

1.1 Providing early help is more effective in promoting the welfare of children than reacting later. Early help means providing support as soon as a problem emerges, at any point in a child’s life, from the foundation years through to the teenage years.  Early help can also prevent further problems arising, for example, if it is provided as part of a support plan where a child has returned home to their family from care.

1.2 Effective early help relies upon local agencies working together to:

  • identify children and families who would benefit from early help;
  • undertake an assessment of the need for early help; and
  • provide targeted early help services to address the assessed needs of a child and their family which focuses on activity to significantly improve the outcomes for the child/Local authorities under section 10 of the Children Act 2004 have a responsibility to promote inter-agency cooperation to improve the welfare of children.


2. Identifying children and families who would benefit from Early Help

2.1 Local agencies should have in place effective ways to identify emerging problems and potential unmet needs for individual children and families.  This requires all professionals; including those in universal services and those providing services to adults with children; to understand their role in identifying emerging problems and to share information with other professionals to support early identification and assessment.

2.2 Professionals should, in particular, be alert to the potential need for early help for a child who:

  • is disabled and/or has a specific additional needs;
  • has special educational needs;
  • is a young carer;
  • is showing signs of engaging in anti-social or criminal behaviour;
  • is in a family circumstance presenting challenges for the child, such as substance abuse, adult mental health problems and domestic violence;
  • is showing early signs of abuse and/or neglect.

2.3 Professionals working in universal services have a responsibility to identify the symptoms and triggers of abuse and neglect, to share that information and work together to provide children and young people with the help they need. Practitioners need to continue to develop their knowledge and skills in this area. They should have access to training to identify and respond early to abuse and neglect, and to the latest research showing which types of interventions are the most effective.


3. Effective Assessment of the Need for Early Help.

3.1 Local agencies should work together to put processes in place for effective assessment of the needs of individual children who may benefit from early help services.

3.2 Children and families may need support from a wide range of local agencies. Where a child and family would benefit from co-ordinated support from more than one agency (e.g. education, health, housing, police) there should be an inter-agency assessment. These early assessments should identify what help the child and family require in order to prevent any needs from escalating to a point where intervention would be needed via a statutory assessment under the Children Act 2004 1989.

3.3 The early help assessment should be undertaken by a lead professional who should provide support to the child and family, act as an advocate on their behalf and co-ordinate the delivery of support services. The lead professional role could be undertaken by a General Practitioner (GP), family support worker, teacher, health visitor and/or special educational needs co-ordinator. Decisions about who should be the lead professional should be taken on a case by case basis and should be informed by the child and their family.

3.4 For an early help assessment to be effective:

  • the assessment should be undertaken with the agreement of the child and their parents or carers. It should involve the child and family as well as all the professionals who are working with them.
  • a teacher, GP, health visitor, early years' worker or other professional should be able to discuss concerns they may have about a child and family with a social worker in the local authority. Local authoritychildren's social care should set out the process for how this will happen; and
  • If parents and/or the child do not consent to an early help assessment, then the lead professional should make a judgement as to whether, without help, the needs of the child will escalate. If so, a referral into local authority children's social care may be necessary.

3.5 If at any time it is considered that the child may be a child in need as defined in the Children Act 1989, or that the child has suffered significant harm or is likely to do so, a referral should be made immediately to local authority children's social care. This referral can be made by any professional.


4. Provision of Effective Early Help Services

4.1 The early help assessment carried out for an individual child and their family should be clear about the action to be taken and services to be provided (including any relevant timescales for the assessment) and aim to ensure that the early help services are co-ordinated and not delivered in a piecemeal way.

4.2 Local areas should have a range of effective, evidence-based services in place to address assessed needs early. The early help offer should draw upon the local assessment of need and the latest evidence of the effectiveness of early help and early intervention programmes. In addition to high quality support in universal services, specific local early help services will typically include family and parenting programmes, assistance with health issues and help for problems relating to drugs, alcohol and domestic violence. Services may also focus on improving family functioning and building the family's own capacity to solve problems; this should be done within a structured, evidence-based framework involving regular review to ensure that real progress is being made. Some of these services may be delivered to parents but should always be evaluated to demonstrate the impact they are having on the outcomes for the child.

4.3 The provision of early help services should form part of a continuum of help and support to respond to the different levels of need of individual children and families.

4.4 The Early Help Assessment (EHA) has been designed to help practitioners assess needs at an early stage and then work with the child and parents/carers, alongside other practitioners and agencies, to meet identified needs.

4.5 The aim of Early Help Assessment (EHA) is to:

  • ensure that children receive the required services to meet their needs at the earliest opportunity and be a mechanism for involving additional services to address any unmet needs
  • facilitate multi-agency working and communication
  • avoid children and families having to undergo unnecessary, repeat assessments

4.6 Where children and families have received a multi-agency, coordinated approach and the lead professional and team around the child (TAC) believe that concerns for the children remain or have escalated, and their outcomes remain poor, a referral to children’s social care should be considered.


5. Further information regarding Early Help is available from the following Local Authority by clicking on the links below:



Redcar and Cleveland